As one of the last pieces remaining of former port activity on the mainland in Drammen - not yet revitalized. Tangenkaia represents a unique possibility to connect the city with its history through a new type of urbanity. Within the underlaying infrastructure of the old dock, the area has already begun to gradually change through reuse of warehouses and loading sites being overtaken by nature. Our project proposes to embrace this change and to use it as a tool to ensure an authentic identity for the future and to avoid a generic waterfront development. By speeding up the process, mixing reuse with new infills and vitalizing the public spaces though nature and site-specific activities, Tangenkaia can become a unique new neighborhood in the city. Rather than transformation we propose evolution.
Bane Nor, Drammen Eiendomsutvikling
Ghilardi+Hellsten Arkitekter, Leva Urban Design
Mastrplan, Mixed Use
Ghilardi+Hellsten Arkitekter, Piks, Leva Urban Design
EVOLUTION OVER TIME
The port area of Tangenkaia has inherited three layers of infrastructural space from the former industry, placed as bands running parallel to the river: the loading zone on the dock, the band of warehouses for temporary storage in the middle, and the railroad loading zone in the back. In recent years, each band has experienced a decrease in industrial activities leaving large indoor and outdoor spaces available. We propose to let the new development grow withing the framework of the old industrial structure leading to a neighborhood with diverse layers of space from the city to the waterfront.
On the interior, the abandoned railroad system has been overtaken by nature. We propose to further evolve these spaces into a central park, flanked by residential buildings resting in nature on the city side.
In the middle band we propose a mix of reuse of existing warehouse structures and new buildings built within the footprints of the warehouses that are not fit for reuse. This way the identity of the dock is evolving with new components and program, while keeping the scale, layout and industrial identity intact. The generous sizes of the buildings allow for the possibility of small scale industry and production to take place as an integrated part of the urban fabric.
On the waterfront we use the vast, hard surfaces of the loading zone as and underlay for new temporary and permanent activities and buildings. The sone connects the central park and the warehouse band with the river, through an activity path that organizes the functions and spaces along the water edge. We propose to keep the relationship with the river active by introducing floating structures on the water, and a terminal for the local ferry.
NEIGHBOURHOODS AND IDENTITY
Deriving from the industrial heritage is a plan layout that combines the three bands running parallel to the river with staggered transversal connections, linking roads and streets from the city behind Tangenkaia with the waterfront.
In between these connections are a series of sites, in two bands. On the interior we mainly propose residential neighborhoods, scaled to respect the typologies in the existing areas adjacent to the site, with a strong relationship to the central park in terms of nature and recreation.
The sites in the middle band have a dual condition with the central park on the interior and the waterfront on the exterior. On these sites we propose av mix of small scale industry, public functions and educational institutions, all with residential components on top.
PROGRAMMING AND NETWORK
To further anchor the development locally, Leva Urban Design mapped and categorized the existing network of businesses, associations and influential persons. This way, we can involve local actors at various stages of the development to create engagement, participation, new synergies, new programs, and to analyze future needs. Our proposals for programing of the new neighborhoods in Tangenkaia is based on a mix of current needs, historical relations and what we believe to be sustainable strategies for securing a strong local identity in the future.
Strategic components added to network
LIVING AND WORKING
Due to the local history on Tangkaia, we have developed typologies that ensure a diversity in ways to combine living and working, through flexibility of spaces. In addition to the modern ways of working on laptops and tablets, these typologies allow for more space demanding work, such as small-scale production and industry. The range of working spaces vary from in-residence spaces to larger rooms and floors where small businesses and start-ups can grow. We believe that the industrial heritage of Tangenkaia can evolve into an urban industrial identity and a new type of modern neighborhood.
In relation to this topic we have investigated two residential typologies tailored specifically to living and working locally in Tangenkaia. The typologies represent two opposites within the same topic, internal programmatic flexibility inside of a unit versus the flexibility of sharing common functions outside of the unit. The typologies are dubbed “generous living” and “compact living”.
This typology allow for flexibility through a component of “additional” volume within the unit. Through this double high space the residents get to decide whether to add area by building a mezzanine, or inhabit the room with space-demanding functions. This both increases the quality of the spaces within the unit and provides the residents the flexibility to constantly adapt the unit to their current needs.
As owning your own apartment is rapidly becoming less achievable for most young Norwegians, a need for new typologies and entry points to the marked become relevant. Living on fewer private square meters while sharing social functions with others is a solution we believe could be fruitful, as the living intersects with working or learning. In Tangenkaia, we merge a creative school and a start-up hub with small prefabricated residential units, with the benefits of sharing a variety of social spaces and functions.
Ground floor plan - creative school
Upper floor - flexible small scale housing