KIRUNA DEVELOPMENT PLAN
In 2013 Ghilardi+Hellsten in collaboration with white was announced the winner of the international architectural competition of relocation the city of Kiruna. Following the guidelines set up in the competiotion proposal Kiruna 4-ever the municipality engaged us to elaborate on the proposal and produce a development plan to function as a fundamental guiding document in the coming stages of the relocation.
2014 - ongoing
Ghilardi+Hellsten Arkitekter / White Architects
Masterplan, Mixed use
Ghilardi+Hellsten, White, Tegmark
The plan adopts the politically anchored visions of the municipality and introduces 7 principals that lead the goals of the development plan in the transformation process.
Transformation through process.
The step by step process and anchoring of the new centre is fundamental for the process. Different densities and strategies are laid out and strategic points for development are identified and introduced.
Urban environment and public spaces
Five types of public spaces are presented as structuring elements for the new city. Streets, squares, neighbourhood park, citypark and naturepark. These are tailored to meet the challenges of the suburban climate and new urban life of Kiruna.
The new network of streets and paths are designed based on the existing network and emphasizes east-west movement between the new and old. The grid is shifted in the north south axis to break dominant winds and produce better microclimate. Improved connections for light traffic and collective transportation routes are prioritized. Additionally, trails for skiing and snow scooters are introduced into the city fabric.
The city intends to display a high degree of mixture in terms of activities and program throughout the day. Strategies for use of ground levels in buildings and synergies are proposes while larger public programs are negotiated to occupy strategic locations.
Kiruna has a unique opportunity to utilize the transformation process in developing its identity – from existing condition to the future. We propose a thorough inventory of its current environments – both natural and man-made. Buildings, objects, art etc. that can be moved are categorized and suggested different concepts for integration as layers in the new city. We encourage new modes of arctic identity reflecting cultures, seasons and activities as drivers in this process.
The city will embrace natural ecosystems as part of its strategy to become a resilient and biologically diverse. Local flora and fauna are embraced and active initiatives like plant nurseries are spread out in the city. Parks and green spaces all share tasks in processing snow and rainwater flows.
Kiruna aims at becoming a resourceful and effective city. Through systematic densification, re-use of material and use of renewable energy sources it can truly become a contemporary example of a sustainable city.
These are core layers in the transformation process and will be used in what is referred to as the most democratic transformation process in the world.